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A bridge is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth or teeth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants.
Types of bridges may vary, depending upon how they are fabricated and the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth.
A bridge is fabricated by reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth. The materials used for the bridges include gold, porcelain fused to metal, or in the correct situation porcelain alone. The amount and type of reduction done to the supporting teeth varies slightly with the different materials used.
You may assume you should have a dental check-up every six months, but some people may not need to go so often and others may need more frequent checks. Your dentist will suggest when you should have your next check-up based on how good your oral health is. The time between check-ups can vary from three months to two years depending on how healthy your teeth and gums are and your risk of future problems.
Why do I need a dental check-up?
A check-up allows your dentist to see if you have any dental problems and helps you keep your mouth healthy. Leaving problems untreated could make them more difficult to treat in the future, so it’s best to deal with problems early, or, if possible, prevent them altogether.
What happens during a dental check-up?
At each check-up, your dentist should:
- Examine your teeth, gums and mouth
- Ask about your general health and any problems you’ve had with your teeth, mouth or gums since your last visit
- Ask about, and give you advice on, your diet, smoking and alcohol use, and teeth-cleaning habits
- Discuss with you a date for your next visit
How often should I have a dental check-up?
After your check-up, your dentist will recommend a date for your next visit. The time to your next check-up could be as short as three months or as long as two years (or up to one year if you’re under 18).
Generally, the lower your risk of dental problems, the longer you can wait before your next check-up. So people with good oral health will probably need to attend only once every 12 to 24 months, but those with more problems will need check-ups more often.
Dental care for children is very important to us; children are given a special welcome to the practice. You are able to register your son or daughter from birth and their own check-ups can start from any time around 6 months or from when their first teeth start to appear.
Your child’s first trip to the dentist may be accompanying you to your routine check-up. This can help to familiarise them with the surroundings. On their first visit it may only involve them simply sitting on a parents lap and meeting the dentist, possibly having their teeth counted if they are happy or may be just having a ride in the dental chair!
Your dentist will be able to offer advice and prescribe medicines for teething pains, and will be happy to answer any questions you may have.
Tooth whitening can be a very effective way of lightening the natural colour of your teeth without removing any of the tooth surface. It cannot make a complete colour change, but it may brighten the existing shade.
There are a number of reasons why you might get your teeth whitened. Everyone is different; and just as our hair and skin colour vary, so do our teeth. Very few people have brilliant-white teeth, and our teeth can also become more discoloured as we get older.
Your teeth can also be stained on the surface by food and drinks such as tea, coffee, red wine and blackcurrant. Smoking can also stain teeth. ‘Calculus’ or tartar can also affect the colour of your teeth. Some people may have staining under the surface, which can be caused by certain antibiotics or tiny cracks in the teeth which take up stains.
Safe Tooth Whitening treatment can deliver a brilliant, long-lasting result. Your whitening treatment will be tailored to suit your individual needs, with monitoring during and after the procedure; ensuring that any adverse side effects are minimised and the overall tooth whitening is as brilliant as you had hoped. Ask to see your Dentist and find out how brightly you could be smiling
A crown is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. Crowns are often needed when a large cavity or loss of the natural tooth crown threatens the on-going health of a tooth. They are typically bonded to the tooth using dental cement. Crowns can be made from many materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods. Crowns are often used to improve the strength or appearance of teeth.
The most common method of crowning a tooth involves using a dental impression of a prepared tooth by a dentist to fabricate the crown outside of the mouth. The crown can then be inserted at a subsequent dental appointment. Using this indirect method of tooth restoration allows use of strong restorative materials requiring time consuming fabrication methods requiring intense heat, such as casting metal or firing porcelain which would not be possible to complete inside the mouth
Losing your teeth can be a traumatic experience and a life with Dentures can be a daunting prospect. However, we understand that not everyone has the budget for a full set of implants (permanently fixed false teeth).
We will make the experience of fitting your new Dentures a smooth and efficient process. We will support you in choosing and fitting your new teeth and can even work from a photo of you with your natural teeth to ensure we get a very realistic finish. Conventional dentures are removable; however there are many different denture designs, some of which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants. Fixing your dentures onto a few strategically placed implants will give you greater confidence and comfort.
We are using implants to stabilise dentures providing a solid base on to which they can ‘click’ home. This is a service which we call Denture Excellence and it can provide an affordable alternative to a full mouth of fixed implants and be more comfortable and stable than traditional dentures.
Denture Excellence is a totally bespoke treatment tailored to your needs which will transform the way in which you wear dentures. The benefit of this will impact on your life in ways that you never imagined. Laugh and kiss with confidence, eat all the foods you love, speak with greater ease, enjoy an active lifestyle and improve your health.
Having one or more of your teeth extracted can be a traumatic experience and can result in a feeling of insecurity and self-consciousness. However, there are a number of treatment options available to restore your teeth both aesthetically and functionally which include: implants, dentures and bridges.
If you have recently had an extraction, please follow the care advice below:
- DO NOT eat and drink until after the effects of the local anaesthetic wear off (this will take 3-4 hours). Following this, ensure you eat and drink with care, avoiding the sites where the teeth have been removed.
- Slight bleeding for a while is quite normal. However, if this occurs do not rinse or spit out as this will increase the bleeding, just swallow gently and the bleeding will stop naturally.
- If the bleeding persists, roll up a clean handkerchief (not tissue) or the gauze provided, place it over the extraction site and bite hard on it for at least twenty minutes.
- Avoid sport or strenuous exercise for 24 hours as this can encourage bleeding. Sit down comfortably at home for the first few hours.
- Avoid smoking, alcohol and very hot drinks for 12 hours, as these will also encourage bleeding.
- Smoking may result in a painful infection called a dry socket.
- Starting on the day after the extraction, rinse the area after meals with warm saline (1 teaspoon of salt in a glass of hot water).
- DO take painkillers if you start to have pain as the anaesthetic wears off. Paracetamol or Ibuprofen are normally suitable for this, but follow the instructions provided if you have asthma or stomach problems.
- Before going to bed on the day you have had the extraction (if this is at least four hours after the extraction), clean your mouth with care. Use a soft brush and your usual toothpaste, avoiding the sites where the teeth have been removed.
PLEASE CONTACT YOUR DENTAL PRACTICE OR THE EMERGENCY OUT OF HOURS NUMBER IF YOU HAVE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:
- PERSISTENT BLEEDING
- SEVERE SWELLING
- SEVERE PAIN
A filling is the most common routine dental procedure. Fillings are used to fill cavities in teeth and nowadays, they are not only functional but can be natural looking as well. Many people don’t want silver fillings that show when they laugh or smile and are looking for a more natural colour for their fillings. On this basis, you can ask your dentist about other filling options such as composite (white) fillings.
Fillings made of a tooth-coloured composite are popular because the colour can be matched to your teeth. White fillings were considered less long lasting than silver amalgam fillings, but there are now new materials available with properties comparable to silver amalgam, and these are proving to be very successful. The life expectancy of a white filling can depend greatly on where it is in your mouth and how heavily your teeth come together when you bite. They are more expensive than amalgam fillings, although not as expensive as gold fillings.
Silver amalgam fillings offer strength and durability similar to gold at lower cost, but many people don’t like the look of them.
Healthy gums are the support for healthy teeth. Lifelong protection for both teeth and gums starts with regular dental examinations and hygiene visits. Many adults have gum disease to some degree and everybody needs advice on oral healthcare.
Thorough tooth cleaning each day will prevent plaque from building up in sufficient amounts to cause damage to teeth and gums. Brushing can remove plaque on the front and back surfaces of the teeth and aids such as floss, tape or interdental brushes can remove plaque from between the teeth. The hygienist will demonstrate brushing techniques, the use of floss and other devices and will help choose the right products.
If dental plaque is not removed regularly it can form hard calculus (mores commonly known as tartar). Once tartar has formed, it can only be removed by a hygienist or dentist.
A good oral hygiene routine at home is the most important factor in preventing gum disease, but your needs will differ as time passes and the mouth changes, so you’ll need new oral care techniques during different phases of life. The hygienist will monitor your oral health and provide the most appropriate advice.
Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease. Recent scientific research has shown a link between poor oral health and other conditions such as heart and lung disease. The Hygienist at London Road Dental Practice can help to control and prevent gum disease, particularly if you are a smoker.
Scale and Polish
This is when your teeth are professionally cleaned by the hygienist. It involves carefully removing the deposits that build up on the teeth (tartar).
The Classic Clean
Plaque forms on our teeth every minute of every day. Even the most careful brushing can’t always remove it. Using professional tools and techniques your hygienist can clear even the toughest plaque deposits.
You’ll leave with the perfectly polished teeth. And a healthier, happier smile.
The Sparkling Clean
The Sparkling Clean combines a Classic Clean with our Air Polishing stain removal treatment. Using polishing powder, air and a gentle stream of water, it removes surface stains, bringing teeth back to their natural whiteness. You will see and feel the difference straight away.
Root canal treatment (also called endodontics) is needed when the nerve of the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected through decay or injury. You may not feel any pain in the early stages of the infection. In some cases, your tooth could darken in colour, which may mean that the nerve of the tooth has died (or is dying). This would need root canal treatment.
The aim of the treatment is to remove all infection from the root canal. The root is then cleaned and filled to prevent any further infection. Root canal treatment is a skilled and time-consuming procedure. Most courses of treatment will involve two or more visits to your dentist.
At the first appointment, the infected pulp is removed, and any abscesses can be drained. The root canal is then cleaned and shaped ready for the filling. A temporary filling is put in and the tooth is left to settle. The tooth is checked at a later visit and when all the infection has cleared, the tooth is permanently filled.
Your dentist will take regular x-rays to look for early signs of tooth decay. Sometimes the tooth looks healthy, but your dentist will be able to see from an x-ray (radiograph) whether you have any decay between your teeth or under existing fillings, any possible infections in the roots, or any bone loss around the tooth. Finding and treating dental problems at an early stage can save both time and money.
In children, x-rays can be used to show where the second teeth are and when they will come through. This also applies to adults when the wisdom teeth start to come through.
There are various types of x-ray. Some show one or two teeth and their roots while others can take pictures of several teeth at once. The most common x-rays used are small ones, which are taken regularly to keep a check on the condition of the teeth and gums. These show a few teeth at a time, but include the roots and surrounding areas.